Dementia is a general term used for a condition that is characterized by a decline in the ability of the brain to function normally. This decline can interfere with the daily activities of the patient involved.
There are different types of dementia. The most common types are vascular dementia, Alzheimer’s disease and Parkinson’s disease. These different types have also different characteristics and symptoms, however, if taken generally, all can be basically described with the following onsets of symptoms:
Impairment of at least two of the following core mental functions
Ability to remember important incidences, day to day activities, people and other basic memories
Ability to communicate clearly and cohesively
Ability to pay attention and focus on a single important task
Ability to logically understand matters and to reasonably give any judgments
Ability to visually perceive things and images
Basically speaking, people who are affected by dementia have several memory lapses. They may even forget little and basic things like wallet, meals and schedules.
It has also been observed that most often, dementia affects a person mildly at first and it will progress to a worsening condition as the time goes.
Traditional Treatment of Dementia
For advanced dementia or for those cases with already progressive symptoms, there is little hope or cure to stop the disease. There are, however, some medications that you can give in order to dementia patients improve the symptoms or to slow the disease’s advancement. Here are some of the medications that are commonly used for each symptom:
There are at least two types of medications that have been approved by the US FDA in controlling memory loss that is associated with dementia – cholinesterase inhibitors and memantine.
There are actually no drugs that have been approved by the US FDA to specifically treat or control behavioural changes of patients with dementia. However, patients can use ethical antidepressants to improve one’s mood, Anxiolytics for the dementia patient’s anxiety and restlessness, and lastly, antipsychotic medications for the hallucinations.
Atypical and classical anti-psychotics
The herbs and plants given below are considered and known to be cognitive enhancers which can help the patient with dementia to improve his or her concentration. They are as follows:
The extract of its seeds and leaves are used in order to improve a dementia patient’s cognitive function. Nobody knows the accurate mechanism of action of ginkgo but it is believed to act as an antioxidant that prevents any damages of the cell. It is also believed to increase the blood flow or the chemical transmitters inside the dementia patient’s brain
Similar to ginkgo, ginseng is believed to also improve the brain’s function to understand with coherence.
This plant is actually a fungus that thrives on rye. It has been observed to improve the memory functions of a patient affected with dementia.
The oil from sage can be used for aromatherapy to let the mind focus and concentrate. It has also been used for the treatment of depression and anxiety, two factors that characterized dementia.
Vitamin E or alpha-tocopherol is a vitamin abundant in plant oils, nuts and vegetables. The anti-oxidant properties of vitamin E is said to prevent cells from getting damaged.
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